Creating Scientific Concepts (MIT Press) by Nancy J Nersessian

By Nancy J Nersessian

How do novel clinical strategies come up? In Creating medical Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to reply to this significant yet nearly unasked query within the challenge of conceptual swap. She argues that the preferred photo of novel recommendations and profound perception bursting forth in a stunning flash of notion is wrong. as a substitute, novel thoughts are proven to come up out of the interaction of 3 components: an try and remedy particular difficulties; using conceptual, analytical, and fabric assets supplied via the cognitive-social-cultural context of the matter; and dynamic approaches of reasoning that stretch traditional cognition. targeting the 3rd issue, Nersessian attracts on cognitive technological know-how learn and historic money owed of clinical practices to teach how clinical and usual cognition lie on a continuum, and the way problem-solving practices in a single light up practices within the different. Her investigations of medical practices exhibit conceptual swap as deriving from using analogies, imagistic representations, and suggestion experiments, built-in with experimental investigations and mathematical analyses. She provides a view of developed versions as hybrid items, serving as intermediaries among pursuits and analogical assets in bootstrapping tactics. Extending those effects, she argues that those complicated cognitive operations and constructions aren't mere aids to discovery, yet that jointly they represent a strong type of reasoning -- model-based reasoning -- that generates novelty. This new method of psychological modeling and analogy, including Nersessian's cognitive-historical procedure, make Creating clinical Concepts both necessary to cognitive technology and philosophy of science.

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